Michael Stanley Dukakis was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on November 3, 1933. His parents, Panos and Euterpe (Boukis) Dukakis both emigrated from Greece (Vrisohori Zagoriou, Epirus) to Lowell and Haverhill, Massachusetts, before marrying and settling down in the Boston suburb of Brookline. Dukakis graduated from Brookline High School (1951), Swarthmore College (1955), and Harvard Law School (1960). He served in the United States Army, and spent time with the support group to the United Nations delegation to the Military Armistice Commission in Munsan, Korea.
Dukakis began his political career as an elected Town Meeting Member in the town of Brookline. He was elected chairman of his town's Democratic organization in 1960 and won a seat in the Massachusetts Legislature in 1962. He served four terms as a legislator, winning re-election by an increasing margin each time he ran. In 1970 he was the Massachusetts Democratic Party's nominee for Lieutenant Governor and the running mate of Boston mayor Kevin White in the year's gubernatorial race which they lost to Republican Frank Sargent and Donald Dwight.
Dukakis won his party's nomination for Governor in 1974 and beat Sargent decisively in November of that year. He inherited a record deficit and record high unemployment and is generally credited with digging Massachusetts out of one of its worst financial and economic crises in history. But the effort took its toll, and Dukakis was defeated in the Democratic primary in 1978 by Edward King. Dukakis came back to defeat King in 1982 and was re-elected to an unprecedented third four-year term in 1986 by one of the largest margins in history. In 1986, his colleagues in the National Governors' Association voted him the most effective governor in the nation.
Dukakis won the Democratic nomination for the presidency of the United States in 1988 but was defeated by George Bush and soon thereafter announced that he would not be a candidate for re-election as governor. He left office in January 1991 and spent three months at the University of Hawaii where he was a visiting professor in the Department of Political Science and the School of Public Health. While at the University of Hawaii, he taught courses in political leadership and health policy and led a series of public forums on the reform of the nation's health-care system.
Since June 1991, Dukakis has been a Distinguished Professor of Political Science at Northeastern University and visiting professor at the School of Public Policy at UCLA. His research has focused on national health care policy reform and the lessons that national policy makers can learn from state reform efforts. Recently, he and former U.S. Senator Paul Simon authored a new book entitled "How to Get Into Politics-and Why," designed to encourage young people to think seriously about politics and public service as a career.
Dukakis was nominated by President Clinton for a five year term as a member of the new Board of Directors of Amtrak, The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, on May 21, 1998, and was confirmed by the Senate on June 25, 1998. He currently holds the position of Vice-Chairman of the Amtrak Reform Board.
Mike and Kitty Dukakis have three children, John, Andrea, and Kara, and are the proud grandparents of Alexandra Jane Dukakis, age 11, Harry Nicholas Hereford, 21 months, and Josephine Katharine Hereford, who arrived on Sept. 18, 2000.